AMENDMENT I.

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the  Government  for  a  redress  of  grievances.

AMENDMENT II.

A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall  not  be  infringed.

AMENDMENT III.

No soldier shall, in time of peace, be quartered in any house without the consent of the owner; nor in time of war, but in a  manner  to  be  prescribed  by  law.

AMENDMENT IV.

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched,  and  the  persons  or  things  to  be  seized.

AMENDMENT V.

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law; nor shall private property be  taken  for  public  use,  without  just  compensation.

AMENDMENT VI.

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law; and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation, to be confronted with witnesses against him, to have the compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to  have  the  assistance  of  counsel  for  his  defense.

AMENDMENT VII.

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved;  and  no  fact  tried  by  a  jury  shall  be  otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, than according  to  the  rules  of  the  common  law.

AMENDMENT VIII.

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed,  nor  cruel  and  unusual  punishments  inflicted.

AMENDMENT IX.

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the  people.

AMENDMENT X.

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to  the  States  respectively,  or  to  the  people.

AMENDMENT XI.

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit, in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another State, or by citizens or subjects of any  foreign  State.

AMENDMENT XII.

The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by ballot for President and Vice President, one of whom at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same State with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and all persons voted for as Vice President, and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the  President  of  the  Senate.

LEXThe  President  of  the  Senate  shall,  in  the  presence  of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates,  and  the  votes  shall  then  be  counted.

LEXThe person having the greatest number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers, not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by States, the representation from each State having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the States, and a majority of all the States shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice President shall act as President, as in the case of death or  other  constitutional  disability  of  the  President.

LEXThe person having the greatest number of votes as Vice President, shall be the Vice President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible  to  that  of  Vice  President  of  the  United  States.

AMENDMENT XIII.

LEXSect.L1.LNeither slavery, nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States,  or  any  place  subject  to  their  jurisdiction.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XIV.

LEXSect.L1.LAll persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of  the  United  States  and  of  the  State  wherein  they  reside.

No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without the due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

LEXSect.L2.LRepresentatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of Electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in a rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one  years  of  age  in  such  State.

LEXSect.L3.LNo person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or Elector of President and Vice President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State Legislature, or as an Executive or Judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in an insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to enemies thereof. But the Congress may, by a vote  of  two-thirds  of  each  House,  remove  such  disability. 

LEXSect.L4.LThe validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing an insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of an insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for a loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and  claims  shall  be  held  illegal  and  void.

LEXSect.L5.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate  legislation,  the  provisions  of  this  article.

AMENDMENT XV.

LEXSect.L1.LThe right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged, by the United States or by any State, on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XVI.

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or  enumeration.

AMENDMENT XVII.

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators  from  each  State,  elected  by  the  people  thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of  the  most  numerous  branch  of  the  State  Legislatures.

LEXWhen vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the Executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided that the Legislature of any State may empower the Executive thereof to make temporary appointments, until the people fill  the  vacancies  by  election  as  the  Legislature  may  direct.

LEXThis amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid  as  part  of  the  Constitution.

AMENDMENT XVIII.

LEXSect.L1.LAfter one year from the ratification of this article, the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all the territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof, for beverage purposes,  is  hereby  prohibited.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

LEXSect.L3.LThis article shall be inoperative, unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission  hereof  to  the  States  by  the  Congress.

AMENDMENT XIX.

LEXSect.L1.LThe right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged, by the United States or by any  State,  on  account  of  sex.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XX.

LEXSect.L1.LThe terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3rd day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors  shall  then  begin.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3rd day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

LEXSect.L3.LIf, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President, until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may, by law, provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly, until a President or Vice President  shall  have  qualified.

LEXSect.L4.LThe Congress may, by law, provide for the case of death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President, whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of death of  any of  the persons from whom  the Senate

may choose a Vice President, whenever the right of choice shall  have  devolved  upon  them.

LEXSect.L5.LSections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day  of  October  following  the  ratification  of  this  article.

LEXSect.L6.LThis article shall be inoperative, unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, within  seven  years  from  the  date  of  its  submission.

AMENDMENT XXI.

LEXSect.L1.LThe eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution  of  the  United  States  is  hereby  repealed.

LEXSect.L2.LThe transportation or importation into any State, territory, or possession of the United States, for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors in violation of  the  laws  thereof,  is  hereby  prohibited.

LEXSect.L3.LThis article shall be inoperative, unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by Conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission  hereof  to  the  States  by  the  Congress.

AMENDMENT XXII.

LEXSect.L1.LNo person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President, shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President when this article was proposed by Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this article becomes operative, from holding the office of President or acting  as  President  during  the  remainder  of  such term.

LEXSect.L2.LThis article shall be inoperative, unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the Legislatures of three-fourths of the several States, within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the  Congress.

AMENDMENT XXIII.

LEXSect.L1.LThe District constituting the seat of government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress  may  direct:

A number of Electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be Electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XXIV.

LEXSect.L1.LThe right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for Electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged, by the United States or any State, by reason  of  failure  to  pay  any  poll  tax  or  other  tax.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have power to enforce this article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XXV.

LEXSect.L1.LIn case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall  become  President.

LEXSect.L2.LWhenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President, who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority  vote  of  both  Houses  of  Congress.

LEXSect.L3.LWhenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as  Acting  President.

LEXSect.L4.LWhenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the Executive departments, or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers  and  duties  of  the  office  as  Acting  President.

LEXThereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office, unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the Executive departments, or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days, to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty-eight hours for that purpose, if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty-one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty-one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two-thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of  his  office.

AMENDMENT XXVI.

LEXSect.L1.LThe right of citizens of the United States who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote, shall not be denied or abridged, by the United States or by any State, on account  of  age.

LEXSect.L2.LThe Congress shall have the power to enforce this  article  by  appropriate  legislation.

AMENDMENT XXVII.

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election  of  Representatives  shall  have  intervened.

 

 AMENDMENTS TO US CONSTITUTION, CONTENT VERIFIED WITH ORIGINALS; POSTER BY TERESA PELKA, 2017, CREATIVE COMMONS LICENSE 4.0.